Giving staff a one per cent pay rise boosts employee job performance by roughly two per cent, but offering that same money in the form of a bonus that is strongly linked to a job well done can improve job performance by almost 20 per cent, according to a new Cornell University study on the relationship between pay and performance.
"I looked at both how much people are paid and also how pay increases and bonuses are given," said Michael Sturman, associate professor at Cornell's School of Hotel Administration, who carried out the study.
He found that by increasing the link between pay and performance could improve performance by up to 19 per cent.
When Sturman looked at the experience of a diversified services company, he found that an across-the-board raise in one year meant better performance in the following year and that paying above the market also produced higher performance.
"While both across-the-board raises and bonuses improved performance, bonuses stood out when pay was linked solidly to performance," he said.
"The payroll is not merely an expense to be reduced, but an investment that can be used strategically."